Energy efficiency standards and labels for appliances and equipment are a proven policy mechanism to reduce costs, energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Standards and labels ensure that consumers are aware of energy performance when making purchases and that manufacturers produce relatively high-efficiency products.
Such programmes are now widespread around the world. In Australia, energy efficiency standards and labels will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 200 million tons by 2020, with a net benefit of $23 per ton saved. In the United States, they will deliver a net saving of $1,000 per household. This report summarises the experience and benefits of such programmes around the world, including detailed case studies from Russia, Turkey, Romania and Australia, demonstrating a diversity of issues and approaches.
Not all countries have yet implemented standards and labels. In part, this is due to a lack of awareness and capacities, since these programmes require particular skills and knowledge. The report also identifies steps that countries might take to set up such programmes, including awareness raising, capacity building and international cooperation. Based on global experience, key factors to success are identified.