Turkey is characterised by significant growth in energy demand in the last decade. As a result, the country's energy policy is dominated by concerns related to security of supply. It is in this context of soaring energy demand and import dependence that improving energy efficiency became increasingly important, and it is recognised as such in Turkey's Eighth Five-Year Development Plan (2001-2005). However, while the Government gives priority to meeting this demand growth by focusing on increasing supply, it appears to have overlooked necessary demand-side measures.
In the opinion of the review team, Turkey is making progress in developing an energy efficiency policy and implementing PEEREA, but a number of issues still require attention, particularly in the area of integrating energy efficiency concepts with market liberalisation policies, especially in such end-use sectors as building construction and transport. The review contains specific recommendations in areas such as energy pricing, organisation of institutions, specific policies and instruments, and financing of energy efficiency.
The In-Depth Review of Energy Efficiency Policies and Programmes of Turkey is available in English and Russian.