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...A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY

The text of the International Energy Charter was worked out on the basis of the European Energy Charter of 1991.

Around 80 states took part in negotiations on the International Energy Charter, which were conducted throughout the year 2014 at the Headquarters of the Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels, Belgium. The negotiations started on the basis of the text of the European Energy Charter which was adopted back in 1991 in The Hague (“The Hague I”). Non-signatories of this historic declaration joined the negotiations on an equal footing with its signatories. The objective has been to work out a text reflecting modern energy challenges as well as the ambition of the Energy Charter to play a leading role in the evolving architecture of global energy governance.

The negotiations were conducted in four rounds during 2014. They were open to any interested state. The parties included Signatories of the European Energy Charter, Observers to the Energy Charter Conference by invitation and other states.

Signatories of the European Energy Charter at the time of Negotiations

Afghanistan
Albania
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Canada
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union and Euratom
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Mauritania
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
The Netherlands
Norway
Pakistan
Palestine
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Tajikistan
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
United States
Uzbekistan
Yemen
 

Observers to the Energy Charter Conference by invitation

Algeria
Bahrain
China
Egypt
Iran
South Korea
Kuwait
Nigeria
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Tunisia
United Arab Emirates
Venezuela
 
 
 
 

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