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The International Energy Charter

The International Energy Charter is a declaration of political intention aiming at strengthening energy cooperation between the signatory states and which does not bear any legally binding obligation or financial commitment.

The International Energy Charter has been formally adopted and signed at the Ministerial Conference, which was hosted by the government of The Netherlands. It maps out common principles for international cooperation in the field of energy.

The International Energy Charter reflects some of the most topical energy challenges of the 21st century, in particular:

  • the full scope of multilateral documents and agreements on energy developed in the last two decades, and the synergies among energy-related multilateral fora, including the Energy Charter, in view of follow-up action
  • the growing weight of developing countries for global energy security
  • the “trilemma” between energy security, economic development and environmental protection
  • the role of enhanced energy trade for sustainable development
  • the need to promote access to modern energy services, energy poverty reduction, clean technology and capacity building
  • the need for diversification of energy sources and routes
  • the role of regional integration of energy markets

By including all these relevant issues, the International Energy Charter promotes mutually beneficial energy cooperation among nations for the sake of energy security and sustainability. The International Energy Charter thus fits well into the global policy agenda reflected, for instance, in the G20 Leaders’ Communiqué of the Brisbane Summit in November 2014 and the UN Document “The Future We Want” endorsed by the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in June 2012.

Signatories of the International Energy Charter (2015)

Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Estonia, European Union and Euratom, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Republic of Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, The Netherlands, Niger, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Afghanistan
Albania
Armenia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Benin
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Burundi
Cambodia
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Economic Community of West African States
Estonia
European Union
Euratom
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Republic of Korea
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Mauritania
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
The Netherlands
Niger
Norway
Pakistan
Palestine
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Tanzania
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Kingdom
United States
Uzbekistan
Yemen

Other Countries that adopted the International Energy Charter

10 other countries were present in the Hague on 20-21 May 2015 for the adoption of the International Energy Charter and adopted it officially.  It is planned that these countries will sign the international Energy Charter in the future.

Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cambodia (signed on 19 October 2015), Iran, Israel, Kyrgyzstan (signed on 19 October 2015), Lebanon, Philippines, Republic of Korea (signed on 17 November 2015), Tajikistan

Botswana
Burkina Faso
Iran
Israel
Lebanon
Philippines
Tajikistan
 
 
 
 
 

The text of the International Energy Charter is available as a booklet in:

English
中文
Français
Русский
Español
عربي

The text of the International Energy Charter is also available in:

Deutsch
Português
Italiano
Port. (Brazil)