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The Consolidation, Expansion and Outreach, i.e. CONEXO policy, adopted in 2012 within the Warsaw mandate, aims at the consolidation of countries yet to ratify the Energy Charter Treaty and the relations with more than 30 observer countries involved in the Energy Charter Process at different stages of accession to the Treaty.

The modus operandi of the Energy Charter’s CONEXO:

  1. intergovernmental cooperation, activities and reports produced for targeted countries; 
  2. signing events for countries wishing to become signatories to the International Energy Charter and addressing common energy challenges through regional and global organisations (cooperation with the League of Arab States, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and International Energy Agency (IEA)).
    Recently, the Republic of Korea signed the International Energy Charter during an event at the IEA Ministerial held at the OECD in Paris in November 2015.
  3. capacity building and knowledge sharing through secondments to the Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels; participation at events, such as the Energy Charter Industry Advisory Panel meetings and other fora and initiatives.

The establishment of the Energy Charter Liaison Embassies (ECLEs) by the Energy Charter Treaty Contracting Parties has created a robust and efficient instrument for the Energy Charter’s political support in targeted countries.

This way, the Energy Charter is working with some key players on the global energy scene.

International Energy Charter

The adoption of the International Energy Charter in The Hague on 20 May 2015 has increased the momentum of expansion because it has demonstrated the willingness of the existing members of the Energy Charter to embrace newcomers. Moreover, it has confirmed that the principles of the Energy Charter are universal and that their application is not limited to the Charter’s original geographical area.

Key dates


2013Accession of Afghanistan to the Energy Charter Treaty, PEEREA and Trade Amendment
2015Accession of Montenegro to the Energy Charter Treaty, PEEREA and Trade Amendment
2015Ratification of the Energy Charter Treaty by Iceland
2015Adoption of the International Energy Charter by more than 70 countries




Latest CONEXO News

On 30-31 May, the Government of Turkmenistan, as the Chair of the Energy Charter Conference in 2017, and the International Energy Charter will jointly...

On 12 May 2017, the International Energy Charter, the Florence School of Regulation (FSR), the 

Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of...</p>

For the past three months, the Energy Charter Secretariat hosted Mr Mzwandile Thwala, of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy of Swaziland for...

During 19-21 April 2017, a delegation of officials from the Energy Charter Secretariat conducted a visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran in order to...

The Energy Charter Secretariat is pleased to announce the final stages of preparation for an office-to-office move due to take place in Brussels...

Latest CONEXO Publications

The International Energy Charter publishes its first in-depth review of the energy efficiency policy of Armenia. The review, conducted in 2016, has...

This paper discusses the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) in the legal architecture regulating energy...

This publication compiles the relevant documents related to the dispute resolution mechanisms under the Energy Charter Treaty and provides some useful...

Modern energy is essential for socio-economic development, and such investments in the energy sector are crucial in realizing universal energy access...

For more than 25 years the Energy Charter Process has set rules for good governance in the energy sector, starting with the European Energy Charter (1...