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The European Energy Charter

The 1991 Energy Charter, also known as the European Energy Charter, provides the political foundation for the Energy Charter Process. The Charter is a concise expression of the principles that should underpin international energy cooperation, based on a shared interest in secure energy supply and sustainable economic development.

With Chad and Niger becoming the latest signatories in April 2015, this political declaration has now been signed by sixty-six countries (including the United States and Canada), as well as the European Union and EURATOM. All Charter signatories are Observers to the Energy Charter Conference, and signing is a first and necessary step towards accession to the 1994 Energy Charter Treaty.

The full text of the Energy Charter (whose formal title is the Concluding Document of The Hague Conference on the European Energy Charter) is included in the publication on the Energy Charter Treaty and Related Documents.

Signatories of the European Energy Charter (1991)

Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canada, Chad, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union and Euratom, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, The Netherlands, Niger, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Afghanistan
Albania
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Burundi
Canada
Chad
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union
Euratom
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Mauritania
Poland
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
The Netherlands
Niger
Norway
Pakistan
Palestine
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Tajikistan
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
United States
Uzbekistan
Yemen