Skip to main content

The Amendment to the Trade-related Provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty

The Energy Charter Treaty's trade provisions, which were initially based on the trading regime of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), were modified by the adoption in April 1998 of a Trade Amendment to the Treaty.

This brought the Treaty's trade provisions into line with the rules and practices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The shared principles underpinning both the Energy Charter Treaty's approach and that of the WTO are non-discrimination, transparency and a commitment to the progressive liberalisation of international trade. The Trade Amendment also expands the Treaty's scope to cover trade in energy-related equipment, and set out a mechanism for introducing in future a legally-binding stand-still on customs duties and charges for energy-related imports and exports.

The Energy Charter Treaty's amended trade regime represents an important stepping stone for its Signatory states (see list below)  which have not yet acceded to the WTO (as of March 2013). It allows them to familiarise themselves with the practices and disciplines that WTO membership entails, through application of its rules "by reference" to trade in energy materials and products and energy-related equipment.

Trade Amendment Explanatory Note

Signatory states which have not yet acceded to the WTO

Afghanistan
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
 
 
 
 
 

Status of Ratification of the Trade Amendment

The Trade Amendment entered into force on 21 January 2010. In accordance with Articles 42 and 44 of the Energy Charter Treaty.  For the Trade Amendment to enter into force, it had to be ratified by at least thirty-five Energy Charter Treaty member states and this number has been reached.

Signatories/Contracting Parties to the Amendment to the Trade-related Provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty

Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Australia*, Austria, Azerbaijan°, Belarus°, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina°, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union and Euratom, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland*, Ireland, Italy, Japan*, Kazakhstan°, Kyrgyzstan°, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova°, Mongolia, The Netherlands, Norway*, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation*, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan°, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia°, Turkey*, Turkmenistan°, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan°

° did not ratify the Amendment to the Trade-related Provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty, but applies it provisionally

* did not ratify the Amendment to the Trade-related Provisions of  the Energy Charter Treaty

 

Afghanistan
Albania
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union
Euratom
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Japan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
The Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan